Want to invest in a home, but can’t afford it on your own?
With the real estate market being so competitive in major metro markets, buying property with a friend, relative, or significant other who isn't your spouse yet is becoming increasingly common.
More and more often, people are finding a solution to the affordability problem by choosing to go in on a property with someone else.
However, buying a home together with a significant other, friend, or relative can get complicated.
For it to go well, there definitely needs to be open and honest communication on both sides.
We’ve laid out some of the things you should consider before diving into a joint deal to get the conversation started.
Think about who’s name(s) are on the mortgage
Financing a house is the toughest part of buying together. You’ll need to decide if one or both of you will be apply for the mortgage.
Keep in mind that if you decide to apply together, both of you will need to show a decent credit history and sufficient income in order to be approved.
If one of you has had some financial setbacks, you may want to consider putting just one name on instead.
That said, if only one person’s name is on the mortgage, he or she is the only one who’s legally responsible for the debt. In this case, it’s vital to discuss how you’ll split payments ahead of time to avoid confusion later on.
Consider a property ownership agreement
Even if you are in a wonderful relationship with the person you're buying a house with today, there’s no telling what can happen in the future.
While it might feel uncomfortable asking -- no one wants to think about things turning sour -- it’s important to have a plan in place that will determine what should happen if conflicts come up.
Consider creating a property ownership agreement, or a legally-binding document between the two of you, that allows you to settle these questions ahead of time.
Your agreement should include how you’ll split financial responsibility for the property, both for things like monthly costs such as mortgage and insurance payments, as well as unforeseen maintenance costs.
You should also agree what you will do if one person wants to buy the other individual out, especially if you contribute different amounts to the purchase.
Once you decide how to these details should be handled, ask a lawyer to draft the agreement and have it notarized.
This is one situation where everything you agree upon should be spelled out on paper. If you can’t agree on what to put in the document, that might be an obvious sign you shouldn’t be buying a house together.
Choose the right form of ownership
When you purchase a home, the deed will include both the names of the owners and the form of ownership you’ve chosen. This will determine how rights to the property will be handled legally, so you’ll want to be sure to choose the kind that best reflects your relationship.
You have a few options to choose from:
Tenancy in Common: Tenanancy in Common is the most popular option for co-owners who are not married or plan to contribute different amounts of money.
In this case, each person is the legal owner of his or her particular share of the property. However, the percentages of ownership can be different for each individual. If one of the tenants passes away, their portion of the property goes to the beneficiaries, not the other owners.
Joint Tenancy With Right of Survivorship: This type of ownership is common among long-time significant others. It works similarly to a tenancy in common with one big difference. In case one of the parties passes away, his or her share passes to the surviving owner.
In this case, the part of the house owned by the diseased can’t be inherited by other beneficiaries. Here, if you sell the home, the profits will be split equally between the two owners.
Remember other homeownership costs
Buying a home together is about so much more than getting through the escrow and closing process. You’ll also be co-owners of the home and will be responsible for its day-to-day upkeep.
Sit down together, and talk frankly about how you’ll handle those details. Talk about how you’ll split up buying items like furniture for the home, who will be responsible for which ongoing chores, and how you’ll take care of any unforeseen expenses that may arise.
Successfully buying a home together is all about having open and honest communication with your investment partner.
Do your best to have these frank conversations ahead of time and bring up any concerns that you may have.
The bottom line is that you need to feel entirely comfortable before entering into a legal and financial agreement, even if it's someone you're involved with emotionally.
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